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Supreme Court Affirms Absolute Integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India in Article 370 Case

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In a landmark ruling that has far-reaching implications for India’s constitutional landscape, the Supreme Court has recently reinforced the absolute integration of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country. The verdict clarifies the abrogation of Article 370. It granted special autonomy to the region. It was not a conditional act but an irrevocable step towards unifying the nation.

Article 370, a curtain-raiser: Factum valet or redemption of federalism? Supreme Court to decide – The Leaflet
PC The Leaflet

The Context: Article 370 and Special Autonomy

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution granted special autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This allowed it to have its own constitution and a significant degree of legislative independence. This special status stemmed from historical and political considerations, seeking to address the unique circumstances of the region. However, over the years, this provision became a subject of debate and controversy. Concerns were raised about its impact on national unity and integration.

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Supreme Court’s Verdict: A Definitive Assertion

The recent verdict by the Supreme Court has clarified that the integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India through the abrogation of Article 370 was not a conditional measure. The court’s decision reaffirms the Indian government’s stance that the revocation was a constitutional step. It aimed at fostering unity and development in the region, aligning it more closely with the rest of the country.

This verdict holds immense significance as it dispels any ambiguity surrounding the permanence of the integration. Further, it underscores the principle of “one nation, one constitution.”

Legal and Political Implications

The Supreme Court’s assertion has profound legal and political implications. The unequivocal affirmation of the absolute integration of Jammu and Kashmir reinforces the constitutional validity of the abrogation of Article 370. This verdict is expected to pave the way for smoother governance, administrative reforms, and developmental initiatives in the region. Moreover, the ruling may also serve as a precedent for similar cases. It will provide legal clarity in matters of national integration and constitutional amendments.

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Genocide Of Kashmiri Hindus

The genocide of Kashmiri Hindus, commonly known as the exodus of Pandits from the Kashmir Valley, represents a tragic chapter in the history of the region. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, a wave of violence and persecution targeted the Hindu minority population. They forced thousands to flee their homes and ancestral land.

In July 1988, the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) initiated a separatist insurgency with the goal of separating Kashmir from India. The group’s first act of violence against a Kashmiri Hindu occurred on September 14, 1989, when Tika Lal Taploo, a prominent Bharatiya Janata Party leader, was killed in front of witnesses. This incident created fear among Kashmiri Hindus, exacerbated by the failure to capture Taploo’s killers. Subsequent targeted killings of Hindus deepened this sense of insecurity.

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To weaken his political rival, then-Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah, Indian Home Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed convinced Prime Minister V.P. Singh to appoint Jagmohan as the state’s governor. This move was contentious due to Jagmohan’s past actions and recommendations against Abdullah. Despite Abdullah’s objections, Jagmohan’s appointment proceeded, leading to Abdullah’s resignation in January 1990. Consequently, a considerable number of Kashmiri Hindus left the region, seeking refuge in other parts of India, particularly in Jammu’s refugee camps.


The Supreme Court’s verdict affirming the absolute integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India is a milestone in the nation’s constitutional history. The ruling clarifies the intentions behind the abrogation of Article 370, reinforcing the commitment to national unity and integration. As India continues to evolve and progress, this verdict serves as a guiding light, ensuring that the constitutional values of equality, unity, and justice are upheld throughout the nation.

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