Sunday, July 21, 2024

Sustainable Development Goals

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At a time when the world is grappling with climate change, understanding the Sustainable Development Goals is essential

Climate change is clearly the biggest threat staring humankind in the face. It is an existential crisis.

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In that context, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of climate change and steps to remedy it, especially the Paris Climatic Accord of 2015.

Climate change refers to the change in the Earth’s atmosphere over a long period of time, it is linked to the idea of global warming.

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Global warming refers to a situation where the infrared radiation (solar radiation) of the sun is trapped.

It is trapped by greenhouse gases that are generated by the burning of fossil fuels, agricultural activities etc.

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So, the climate of the Earth warms up leading to unusual climatic events.

Such events are an increase in the frequency of floods, cyclones, droughts etc.

One of the biggest challenges has been the increase in the temperature of the Earth over a period of time.

At present the Earth’s temperature is increasing at an alarming rate.

Paris Accord

In October-November 2015, all 195 member countries of the United Nations gathered at Paris, France for taking expeditious action on climate change.

This culminated into the Paris Climate Accord of 2015.

The Paris Accord of 2015 is also known as COP 21 or Conference of Parties 21.

This summit was held under the aegis of UNFCCC or United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The Paris Accord of 2015 pledged to hold the increase in global annual temperatures to below 2 degree Celsius and if possible keep it below 1.5 degree Celsius.

It also drafted the Sustainable Development Goals for the years 2016-2030.

It replaced the Millennium Development Goals which was set up in 2000 and continued till 2015.

Sustainable Development Goals

There are 17 Sustainable Development Goals:-

G1: “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”.

Goal 2: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.”

3rd Goal: “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.”

4: “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

5: “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.”

6: “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.”

7: “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”.

SDG 8 is to: “Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all”.

SDG 9 is to: “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation.”

10 is to: “Reduce income inequality within and among countries.”

11: “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.”

12 is to: “Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.”

13: “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by regulating emissions and promoting developments in renewable energy.”

14 is to: “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.”

SDG 15 is to: “Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”.

SDG 16: “Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.”

17: “Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.”

 

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