Sunday, July 14, 2024

Khudiram Bose: The Fearless Boy revolutionary of India’s Freedom Struggle

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On 11th August 1908, the British government heartlessly martyred an 18-year-old fearless boy revolutionary named Khudiram Bose. The pages of the India’s freedom struggle are written in the blood of the selfless sacrifice of the many youths, like Bose, who thought of nothing but freeing “Bharat Mata” from chains of bondage. 

Khudiram Bose began his journey as a freedom fighter at 15 years of age under the Anushilan Samiti. At a tender age, he was arrested by the British for distributing pamphlets against the Bengal partition of 1905. Later, the British punished him with death by hanging for his participation in the Muzaffarpur Bombing. His sacrifice is a reminder of the high cost that was paid for India’s independence.

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Who was Khudiram Bose?

Remembering The Forgotten Legend Of Khudiram Bose On His Birth Anniversary
PC The Logical Indian

Bose was born in 1889 in the village of Habibpur in West Bengal, India. Khudiram Bose’s father was a tehsildar. Bose was the youngest sibling and was dearly loved by his 3 sisters and parents. This deeply passionate young boy who was a bright student, lost his parents at an early age. Thus, Khudiram Bose’s early life was marked by adversity. He was raised in poverty by his eldest sister. However, the challenges of life never deterred his resolve or passion. He channeled all his dedication and focus to the Indian freedom movement. His inclination towards India’s freedom struggle began at a young age when he was exposed to the works of freedom fighters like Bipin Chandra Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh.

In 1908, Bose joined the Anushilan Samiti, a secret revolutionary organization that participated in covert armed operations. This organization was run by Aurobindo Ghosh and his brother. Bose was involved in a number of daring acts of armed sabotage and revolutionary activities under this organization. His acts of revolt against the British included the bombing of Muzaffarpur. He was eventually arrested and tried for his revolutionary activities. Despite his young age, he was sentenced to death for attempting to take the life of a British official.

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Why was Khudiram Bose hanged?

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Bose was hanged on August 11, 1908, for hurling a bomb at a carriage in Muzaffarpur. His target was Douglas H. Kingsford who was known for his fierce oppression of Indian freedom fighters during the colonial era. Kingsford held substantial power and was transferred to Muzaffarpur to suppress and punish those who dared to resist British rule. His vindictive and harsh treatment of anti-partition and Swadeshi activists put him squarely on the target list of the Anushilan Samiti.

Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki were assigned by the Samiti to put an end to Kingsford. They tracked the magistrate and identified his carriage as well as his daily routine.

However, on the day Bose and Chaki hurled the bomb at the carriage, Kingsford was not in it; instead, the carriage was occupied by his wife and daughter. Thus, the bombing failed to kill Douglas H. Kingsford, rather it intensified his hatred for Indians. 

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Bose was arrested at the Wani railway station the day after the bombing. Chaki committed suicide to avoid capture by the British. This boy-revolutionary was led to the Muzaffarpur police station and tried at the hands of the British forces. Soon thereafter, his death sentence was pronounced.

The spirit of independence in Bose let him smile all the way to the hangman’s post. Thereafter, Bose became the youngest martyr of the Indian freedom struggle. His death injected a new spirit into the Indian freedom movement. The freedom fighters were inspired by his indomitable spirit, love for ‘Bharat Mata’, and bravado in the face of death.


The freedom, privileges, justice, and respect Indians take for granted today are all bought at the price of the life of freedom fighters. Therefore, it is the duty of all Indians to remember the sacrifices of brave souls like Khudiram Bose. The life of Bose encapsulates the essence of selflessness, sacrifice, and unwavering determination in the pursuit of freedom for ‘Bharat Mata’. His story underscores the fact that courage knows no age. Moreover, it underlines the fact that every individual has the ability to make a lasting impact on the course of history. May his legacy live on as a testament to the power of one individual’s resolve to make a difference, even in the darkest of times. May the India that he dies to free never be divided by dots.

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