Monday, July 22, 2024

Israel’s Judicial Reforms: A Threat to Democracy or a Strengthening Measure?

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Recently, Israel’s judicial reforms have sparked a debate about the future of democracy and national unity in the country. Thus, Israel is standing at the crossroads of change while protracted mass protests test the resilience of its democracy under PM Benjamin Netanyahu. The ongoing crisis is based on a ‘contentious’ judiciary amendment that aims to limit the unelected Supreme Court’s powers to overrule governmental decisions deemed unreasonable. 

Therefore, Israel is struggling to grapple with the implications of this significant legislative change. The government faces the challenge of striking a delicate balance between preserving democratic principles and ensuring national unity. Isreal’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu has dismissed the possibility of civil war, however, the protests show no signs of abating.

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The Genesis of Protests in Israel

Israel Judicial Reform Protests: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Faces an 'Israeli Spring'
PC Foreign Policy

The protests over Israel’s judicial reforms began in early 2023 after the parliament passed a law that limits the power of the Supreme Court. Mostly, the protests have been peaceful, with some occasional clashes with police. These protests have run into their 30th week with hundreds of Israeli reservists having also joined the protests. Currently, the protesting masses of Israel pledge to refuse their volunteer service in the defense forces if the reforms are implemented.

The genesis of the protests over judicial reforms in Israel is influenced by the following factors:

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  • The Supreme Court of Israel had broadened its range of powers over the years. It could strike down laws passed by the Knesset, the Israeli parliament. Therefore, it could effectively defy the democratically elected government in the nation. It could also subdue the will of the people enacted by their elected representatives. This has led to concerns over the ability of the court to overstep its authority.
  • PM Benjamin Netanyahu has long been a critic of the Supreme Court. His administration passed judicial reforms to restrict the area of influence and control of an unelected judicial body. The protestors see this move as an opportunity to weaken the judicial system. Detractors of the Netanyahu administration view it as an attempt to consolidate power.

The protests have sparked a debate about the future of democracy in Israel. Some people believe that the reforms are necessary to prevent the Supreme Court from becoming too powerful. Others believe that the reforms are a threat to democracy and could lead to abuses of power.

The Controversial Judicial Amendment

israel: What is Israel's new judicial law and why is it causing upheaval? - The Economic Times
PC The Economic Times

The Israeli parliament has recently passed an amendment with a vote of 64-0 in July 2023. This amendment seeks to recalibrate the balance of power between the judiciary, the executive, and the legislative branches of Israel. Proponents of this amendment argue that it addresses an imbalance in the Israeli judicial system. They state that the judiciary had acquired disproportionate influence over the functioning of the government.

Therefore, the amendment is essential to restore the intended separation of powers and protect the nation’s democracy.

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The judicial amendment will bring about the following changes:

  1. will give the control over the appointment of judges to the government.
  2. will prevent the Supreme Court from contesting the ‘reasonableness’ of the 13 ‘Basic Laws’ of Israel.
  3. will stop the judiciary from blocking government policy under the ‘unreasonable’ clause.
  4. will allow ministers to reject the Attorney General’s advice.
  5. will abolish independent advisors to ministries.
  6. will appoint government-selected counsels for ministries.

This amendment is heavily criticized by opponents. They have taken their criticism to the roads in protest. They insist that limiting the Supreme Court’s authority opens the door to political interference in judicial matters. Moreover, they fear that this amendment erodes the checks and balances necessary for a robust democracy in Israel. Tel Aviv and Jerusalem are witnessing mass demonstrations by citizens who passionately advocate against the reforms and the parliamentary amendment for the same.

Will Israel’s Judicial Reforms lead to National Unity or Civil War?

Explained: PM Netanyahu's Israel Judicial Reforms, Concerns Over Proposed Changes, And Ongoing Protests
PC Outlook India

Recently, amidst escalating tensions, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has dismissed the possibility of civil war. His statement seeks to allay public fears over the rising protest in the nation. PM Netanyahu strongly believes that the amendment will ultimately strengthen Israel’s democracy by rebalancing the scales of power among its institutions.

Israel’s judicial reforms are dividing the public of Israel into two groups with diverse views. Nearly half the population has turned into protestors who have rocked the nation’s peace in the last 30 weeks. The national unity of Israel is burdened with threats under the new reforms. They have branded the Netanyahu administration as extremist and right-wing power mongers. The US has also displayed concerns over the state of affairs in the nation.  

Therefore, these protests show that Israel also faces a critical juncture in its regional diplomacy. The battle has turned into a clash of ideologies among the local population. It may soon turn into a show of strength by the protestors, which has raised concerns about the possibility of civil war. 


As Israel navigates these difficult times, it must remain committed to safeguarding the essence of its democracy while fostering a spirit of unity among its citizens. Striking a harmonious balance between the branches of government is essential for the nation’s progress. India is also beginning to question judicial overreach. The recent bias of the unelected and possibly nepotism-based judicial system has raised eyebrows in every Indian household. Thus, the path of reform for both nations is a question fraught with challenges. 

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